Meet Shokhruh Salimov - the defiant activist arrested and tortured in Uzbekistan for his sexuality

Uzbekistan is a nightmare for LGBT+ people. Uzbek leader, Islam Karimov, led the country for 27 years until his death in 2016. He largely ignored the struggles of LGBT+ people, and contributed massively to their suffering. Before his death, Islam Karimov made a rare comment, stating that LGBT+ people“had some deviation in their heads.”


After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan were the only Central Asian states not to decriminalise homosexuality.


Uzbekistan is consistently ranked amongst the lowest in the world for LGBT+ acceptance.


In September of 2019, 25 year old, Shokir Shavkatov was murdered just days after coming out via an instagram post. His body was discovered in his apartment in Tashkent. Unfortunately there are many cases as heartbreaking as this.


As you can imagine, being an activist in Uzbekistan is a very dangerous feet. So, when Shokhruh Salimov became visible in his opposition to the governments mistreatment of the LGBT+ community, he faced dire consequences.


Shokhruh was asked if he wanted his identity protected for the sake of his family in Uzbekistan. Sadly, Shokhruh's family share the same hostility and homophobia of the government.



QUEER EAST: Thank you for agreeing to this interview, and for sharing your story. First of all, how are you?


SHOKHRUH: My situation is not very good. How can I be in this situation? At the moment I am a refugee in Turkey. I was born in a conservative family in the Kaskadarya province of Uzbekistan. I spent my childhood hiding my sexual orientation. QUEER EAST: And can you describe the situation for Queer people in Uzbekistan?


SHOKHRUH: Homophobia in the society of Uzbekistan is so strong that artists, actors, singers and singers, politicians, continue the spread of homophobia, instead of fighting it. They approve of it and actively participate in its spread.


QUEER EAST: Did you every come out?


SHOKHRUH: At the age of 13 and 14, I completely admitted that I was bisexual. It is not easy to accept sexual orientation in our society. You hear the homophobic words of those around you all the time, you are exposed to their sexist attitudes. In this case, it is very difficult for you to accept yourself and to remain psychologically strong.


QUEER EAST: Uzbekistan actively try to erase gay people from society. When LGBT+ issues arise in debate or conversation, its always negative and persecuted against. So did you struggle to even understand your sexuality? Did you even know who you are or what you are feeling?


SHOKHRUH: At first it seemed like I was the only one different. Then I made friends like myself. But even having gay friends in Uzbekistan is risky. As I was aware of this, I didn't have many friends. I have been living abroad since I was 18 years old. I always knew Uzbekistan's hostile attitude towards us. They never accepted us. I always live with threats. I even received threats from homophobic people, the state of Uzbekistan and radical Islamists.


QUEER EAST: Is there any support at all? What about underground?


SHOKHRUH: In Uzbekistan, LGBT people can get free counseling on HIV / STI issues, free psychological and legal counseling, but not everyone has access to such types of support and assistance, due to the low level of awareness and the lack of safe information mechanisms. Due to tremendous pressure from law enforcement officials and ordinary homophobic people, LGBT people are doomed to live in secrecy and even when faced with cases of violence and discrimination, they are afraid to go anywhere, because there are really few people who will understand and support them.



QUEER EAST: Your face and name became public when you made a video statement calling on the president of Uzbekistan to address the disgusting treatment of its LGBT+ community. How did this come about?


SHOKHRUH: In August 2018, I came to Turkey. The reason for my escape from Uzbekistan was the case in which I was framed by law enforcement officers, I was convicted under Article 120 (sodomy) of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan and became a victim of cruel torture by the police officers. They put the strongest moral and psychological pressure on me in order to get contacts of other LGBT people from me, and they also had my personal data, with the help of which they could easily put me in prison, this became the reason for my immediate escape from Uzbekistan.


During sexual intercourse with my partner in the apartment, officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs broke into our apartment with cameras in their hands, they filmed everything that was happening and was arrested under article 120 of the UKRUz (sodomy). After my arrest, I became a victim of torture, after which I developed significant psychological trauma. After the torture they announced that if I did not pay them $ 2000, they would have to put me in jail. I gave this money and left Uzbekistan, but my personal data and the video, on the basis of which I was arrested, remained with them.


Last year, I turned to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev through Radio Ozodlik, demanding to stop the manifestation of homophobia against LGBT people, and to protect them.


After my video message, a group of Interior Ministry officers came to my home in Uzbekistan and told my family about their intention to return me from Turkey, back to Uzbekistan.


QUEER EAST: You have been through a lot, i'm sorry to hear that. Do you have any optimism for the future of queer people in Uzbekistan?


SHOKHRUH: I believe that sooner or later the law punishing homosexuals in Uzbekistan will disappear. As long as we continue the struggle and stay brave, we will achieve this together.